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Medicinal Plants of the Southwest

Phylum, Order, Family

Scientific name

Common name

 Agavaceae

 Agave spp.
 Yucca spp.

 Century plant, American aloe

 Anacardiaceae

 Rhus trilobata

 Skunkbush, Squawbush

 Asclepiadaceae

 Asclepias speciosa

 Milkweed

 Bignoniaceae

 Chilopsis linearis

Desert Willow  

 Brassicaceae

 Descurainia pinnata
 Stanleyella wrightii

 

 Campanulaceae

 Lobelia cardenalis

Lopelia, Cardinal Flower, Red Lobelia, Indian Tobacco, "Eye Bright"

 Capparidaceae

 Cleome serrulata

Rocky Mountain Beeplant

 Compositae

 Artemisia filifolia
  Brickellia
 Eupatorium herbaceum 
 Gnaphalium palustre

 

 

 Gutierrezia longifolia
 Kuhnia goodingi

Taraxacum officinale
 Tetradymia canescens

  Thelesperma megapotamicum

 Xanthium commune

 

Prodigiosa, Bricklebush, Hamula, Atanasia, Mala Mujer, Rodigiosa, Tasselflower
Silver Sage, Sand Sagebrush
Boneset
Cudweed, Everlasting Flower
Skunk Weed, Snake Weed
False Boneset
Dandelion
Black sage, Greasewood
Navajo Tea, Hopi Tea, Cota
Cocklebur

 Cucurbitaceae

 Curcurbita foetidissima

Buffalo Gourd, Wild Pumpkin, Wild Gourd, Fetid, Fetid Gourd, Coyote Gourel, Chilicote, Calabazilla

Cupressaceae

 Juniperus monosperma

Cedar, One Seeded Cedar, Sabinca, Gad (Navajo)

Ephedraceae

 Ephedra viridis

Mormon Tea

Ericaceae

 Arctostaphylos Uva ursi

Bearberry

Fouquieriaceae

 Fouquieria splendens
 Fouquieria splendens

Ocotillo, Candlewood, Candlewhip

 Labiatae

 Monarda menthaefolia

Horsemint

Leguminosae

 Acacia greggii
 Robinia neomexicana
 Prosopis spp.

Cat's Claw
Locust
Mesquite

Malvaceae

 Malva parviflora or neglecta-
  Sphaeralcea lobata-

Mallow
Yerba del Negra, Globe Mallow

 Pinaceae

 Abies concolor
 Pinus edulis

White Fir
Pinon, Nut Pine

 Polemoniaceae

 Gilia longiflora

Gilly Flower, White Gilia

 Rosaceae

 Prunus americana
 Cercocarpus Montanus

Wild Plum
Mahogany, Mountain

 Rubiacea

 Galium aparine

Cleavers, Goose grass, Bedstraw, Catchweed, tooth

 Salicaceae

 Populus tremuloides

Aspen

Sapindaceae

 Sapindus saponaria

Soapberry

 Saururaceae

 Anemopsis californica

Yerba Mansa, Lizard Tail

 Scrophulariaceae

 Penstemon ambiguus
 Penstemon torreyii
  Verbascum thapsus

Penstemon Beardtounge
Hummingbird Flower
Mullein, Miner's Candle

 Solanaceae

 Capsicum

 Datura stramonium
 Datura metaloides
 Nicotiana attenuata

Cayenne, African Pepper, Bird Pepper, Chili Pepper

Jimsonweed
Indian Apple
Coyote Tobacco

Umbelliferae

 Heracleum lanatum

Cow Parsnip, Bear's Breeches

Zygophyllaceae

 Kallstroemia brachysylis
  Larrea tridentata

Contra Yerba, Burnut Leaves
Creosote bush, Greasewood



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Updated February 13, 2008

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